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The Kite Runner: Five Interpretations: Citing Sources

MLA 8 Examples

For many examples of citations for different types of sources using MLA, 8th Edition, use the Purdue Owl website.


  • Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries.
  • Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent.

This formatting will be done automatically if you use NoodleTools.

A webpage on a website

Lundman, Susan. “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow, Accessed 6 July 2015.


A book with only one author

Jacques, Brian. Redwall. Ace Books, 1986.


A book with two or three authors

Bailey, Thomas A., David M. Kennedy, and Lizabeth Cohen. The American Pageant: A History of the Republic. 11th ed., Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998.


Article in a weekly magazine (with and without authors)

"Animated Ambitions." Time, 4 Sept. 2000, p. 78.

Goland, Robin S. "Helping to Break the Bad Habits." Newsweek, 4 Sept. 2000, p. 47.


Article in a monthly magazine

Mitchell, John G. "The Way West." National Geographic, Sept. 2000, pp. 34-63.


Article in a Reference Book

Le Patourel, John. "Normans and Normandy." Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Ed. Joseph R. Strayer. 1987.



Choksy, Jamsheed K. "Zoroastrianism." Encyclopedia of Religion., Ed. Lindsay Jones, 2nd ed. Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 9988-10008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. DOI/URL. Accessed 6 Oct. 2008.

Citing Web Sources

A page on a web site:

"Walt Whitman." Biography. A&E Television Networks, 2014. URL. Accessed 14 May 2014.

A book from a database:

"I Hear America Singing." Poetry for Students. Ed. Marie Rose Napierkowski and Mary Ruby. Gale, 1998. pp. 151-165. Gale Virtual Reference Library. DOI/URL. Accessed 14 May 2014.

An article from a database:

Kepner, Diane. "From Spears to Leaves: Walt Whitman's Theory of Nature in 'Song of Myself.'" American Literature, ​vol. 51, no. 2, 1979. Academic Search Elite, DOI/URL​. Accessed 14 May 2014.

Internal Citations from the web

Step One

List the last name of the author. If the author is an organization, list the name of the organization.

Step Two

List the page number you are referencing, if possible. This will only apply to articles that also appear in print.

Step Three

Enclose your citation in parentheses. For example, (Smith 11). If no author name is given, you may use the title of the web page in quotation marks. For example, ("10 Ways to Fish 11). If the web page or article is not paginated, omit this information from your citation. It is not necessary to give a paragraph number.

Step Four

Position your citation directly after the quoted or paraphrased passage. For example: One website suggests the best way to catch a trout is to "wiggle the line every six to eight seconds" ("10 Ways to Fish" 11)

Internal citations from print sources are similar, but in them you cite the author and page number, such as (Barrow 43).


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